False! To travel the same distance, an electric vehicle requires 3 times less energy than a conventional combustion engine vehicle. Or, in other words, electric cars travel three times as far as a petrol-powered car with the same amount of energy used.
In a 'well-to-wheel' energy analysis, petrol cars require the following steps:
Refining crude oil into gasoline
Conversion of petrol into mechanical energy by the engine
The overall efficiency of this process is about 18-19%.
Phases related to electric vehicles, however, include:
In this case, the overall efficiency is about 52%.
With greater energy efficiency and savings, electric mobility contributes to achieving the emission reduction targets set in the Paris Agreement (COP21), the 21st annual conference between the signatories of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, on energy efficiency and emission reductions.
In addition, if we consider a scenario of 1,000,000 electric vehicles, the increase in national electricity consumption to charge them would be only 0.3%. This figure can be obtained by considering an average consumption of 0.15 kWh/km for an electric car and 0.25 kWh/km for a plug-in vehicle, with an average annual distance of 10,000 km per year for all electric cars and 5,000 km per year for plug-in cars with 60% charging at public charging stations. Given these assumptions, the additional consumption for 1 million electric vehicles would be equal to 1.3 TWh each year.