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Understanding Renewable Energy Agreements

How to Evaluate the Financial and Environmental Implications of PPAs and VPPAs

Renewable energy power purchase agreements (PPAs) and the related virtual power purchase agreements (VPPAs) are becoming increasingly popular as more utility and corporate buyers look to reduce emissions. And as growing demand creates a more competitive landscape among PPA buyers, it’s important to understand the many benefits these products offer.


PPAs—whether physical or virtual—are vital to meeting sustainability targets and reducing Scope 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Enel X has prepared this guide to:

  • Introduce readers to PPAs and VPPAs
  • Walk through a case study of a recent VPPA project selection
  • Offer best practices in soliciting proposals
  • Explain cash flows in VPPAs, and more


Download this eBook now to find out more about these powerful tools. 

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