Guide to Electric Vehicles Charging
Question & answers
To charge your car at public charging stations, you need:
- charging cable
- charging point (public charging station)
- payment device (charging can be paid for via card or app depending on the chosen charging service provider)
To charge your car at a home charging station, you need:
- charging cable
- charging point (private charging station)
- card to activate charging (depending on whether the charging station has been purchased or leased).
No, it will not be necessary to drain the battery completely and then charge it completely. Modern lithium batteries used in vehicles benefit most from short partial charging sessions.
Most electric cars let you carry out even short partial charges if the vehicle's battery is not completely drained. The charging time in these cases can even be very short.
Charging services on public land will be offered by various operators (Mobility Service Providers). Each operator will allows customers to view the charging infrastructure of their network on their website or on a dedicated app. It will be possible to check the status of the columns, whether they are busy, booked, available or in maintenance.
The charging time will depend on the charging power (power in kW of the socket on the charging station), the maximum power accepted by the vehicle's onboard charger, the type of cable used and, of course, on the capacity of the on-board storage system and charge level.
Typically, an average car with a 25-kWh battery takes:
- 8 hours charging at home (with an average power of 3 kW)
- 2 hours charging at faster charging stations (with power between 7.4 and 22 kW)
- 30 minutes charging at even faster charging stations (with power between 43 kW and 50 kW).
A dedicated charging station ensures maximum safety and offers customers additional functions compared with a simple socket, such as:
- the tracking of consumption and the cost of charges
- the possibility to adjust the charging power used (e.g., by reducing power to ensure that other home appliances can be used at the same time)
- the possibility to schedule charging remotely, based on the hourly cost of electricity or other needs, when the regulatory system allows
- real-time information on charging status
- the optimization of charging coordinated with the electricity generated by the user’s own photovoltaic plant at home.
No será necesario un nuevo medidor al conectarse al servicio de electricidad del hogar.
Donde el suministro de energía al medidor sea limitado (por ejemplo, hasta 3kW), podrán utilizarse estaciones de carga inteligentes para limitar la corriente, o podrás cargar durante la noche, cuando otros dispositivos de uso intensivo de energía no están funcionando. Si tienes necesidades diferentes, tendrás que pedir un aumento de potencia en el medidor.