How the 2020 Mobility Bonus works: all the incentives available to purchase alternative vehicles
The need for social distancing has forced us to change the way we think about mobility. The Car Ecobonus, Relaunch Decree and other regional and municipal initiatives are introducing a slew of incentives to encourage Italians to purchase new cars and scrap old ones
Published on 15 July 2020
Social distancing requirements introduced during the Covid-19 crisis are forcing us to change many of our habits, including those connected with mobility. According to estimates made by public transport company associations such as AGENS and ASSTRA, bus and metro networks will have to run at 25-30% of their pre-Covid-19 capacity to guarantee people can keep a distance of at least one metre from each other. We might conclude, therefore, that we will all be using more private transport to get about, creating a series of additional problems ranging from increased city pollution levels to more traffic on the roads.
To prevent this, in its Relaunch Decree the Italian government has included a series of sustainable mobility measures that go in two main directions: promoting greater use of bikes and scooters, including electric models, with incentives and tools for the creation of cycle lanes and paths in cities, and encouraging the purchase of eco-friendly cars.
With regard to the car market, the Relaunch Decree boosted the Car Ecobonus (“Ecobonus Auto”) mechanism put in place in 2019. This measure provides a 4,000-euro grant for the purchase of a vehicle with CO2 emissions under 20 g/km. This contribution rises to 6,000 euros if the purchaser scraps a vehicle in the Euro 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 category at the same time. The provision covers electric cars, the only vehicles capable of guaranteeing such low emission levels.
However, the Car Ecobonus does provide for a 1,500-euro grant for another class of cars: those with emissions of between 20 and 60 g/km. The bonus rises to 2,500 euros if the purchaser also scraps a Euro 0 to Euro 4 vehicle. In this case, the vehicles covered are basically hybrid cars. To receive the incentive, the new car – which can be either purchased or rented long-term – must cost 50,000 euros or under. The Car Ecobonus scheme made a 70-million-euro fund available to finance the initiative for 2020 and 2021, which the Relaunch Decree has boosted by adding an extra 100 and 200 million euros for the two years respectively.
The nationwide Car Ecobonus scheme is also complemented by other measures taken at regional and municipal level. In Emilia-Romagna, for example, anyone buying a hybrid car is exempt from road tax for three years. In Friuli-Venezia Giulia, incentives for 3,000 to 5,000 euros are available for the purchase of new bi-fuel, hybrid and electric cars, while 1,500 to 2,000 euros are offered for used cars. Milan residents can add a large saving to the State incentive when purchasing a new car and scrapping an old one, ranging from 9,600 euros for electric models to 4,000 euros for Euro 6 petrol cars. Similar measures will also be available in Piedmont, Sardinia, the Aosta Valley, Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige and for the residents of L’Aquila. Lastly, Lombardy is expected to refinance its Rinnova Autovetture scheme, which launched in 2019 and was meant to cover 2020 as well, but was so popular its funds were soon completely allocated.
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