The energy efficiency legislation currently in force in Italy
How the incentives, from Ecobonus to Conto Termico 2.0, work to improve energy efficiency in households
Published on 21 November 2019
Anyone wanting to improve the energy efficiency of their home can make use of the various tax incentives that are usually confirmed or modified by the annual Legge di Stabilità (Stability Law). Let’s take a look at those presently in force at national level (incentives are also available at the local level, offered by regional or municipal bodies).
The starting point for improving household efficiency is identifying overall energy consumption, e.g., by compiling an APE - Attestato di Prestazione Energetica, (Energy Performance Certification), introduced by Legislative Decree 63/2013 which uses the criteria published in the Gazzetta Ufficiale n.162 - 15/07/2015. Compiled by a licensed operator, the APE Certification is obligatory for every household and is necessary for purchasing, renting or selling a property.
The principal legislation providing incentives for the energy renovation of residential properties in Italy is the “Ecobonus” which has outlined various levels of tax credits for 2019, ranging from 50% to 85%, depending on the operations carried out. A list of the operations eligible for tax credits and the associated benefits is published on the Enea website. A new feature of the Ecobonus, introduced in 2018, is the possibility to transfer the tax credit to the organisation or business involved in carrying out the energy efficiency project. This allows private individuals to benefit immediately from the total amount of tax credit for the renovation operations (reimbursed by law over 10 years in equal instalments). The transferred credit can be compensated in various ways e.g., reducing the upfront cost of the work.
Customers installing a system to improve the efficiency of thermal energy production such as a heat pump, a condensing boiler or solar thermal system can benefit from Conto Termico 2.0 (Renewable Energy for Heating and Cooling and Small Interventions Increasing Energy Efficiency Support Scheme). It has an annual fund of €900 million of which €700 is earmarked for private individuals. This incentive covers 65% of the expenses incurred, for a maximum of €5,000, and is disbursed within two months of the request being accepted. The Conto Termico 2.0 is managed by GSE - Gestore del Servizio Energetici (Energy Service Manager – the organisation that manages and promotes sustainable development in Italy).
Net metering can be used by customers that have a photovoltaic system installed on their property. Net metering enables the sale of excess self-produced electricity to GSE so that it can be fed into the network and compensates the expenses incurred by consuming electricity from the grid. The price of the kW/h produced is calculated by GSE based on the installed capacity of the photovoltaic system in question.