What types of charging sockets are there?
The cable supplied with your electric car will have a connector that allows connection to the inlet or car socket and a plug of a given type that allows the customer to plug into the socket of the charging station.
Cables with the following plugs are provided for AC charging to connect to the charger infrastructure sockets:
Mode 1 and Mode 2 – “Shuko” plug
Mode 3 - Type 2 and Type 3 plug
The cable with a type 2 plug, also called "Mennekes,” is now widely used in Europe, except in France. It charges cars in single-phase or three-phase alternating current up to 22kW at the charging infrastructure socket and up to 43kW via the connector on the cable connected attached to the charging infrastructure.
The so-called "Scame" type 3A plug and cable is now used only for light vehicles, such as scooters and microcars, and can charge in single-phase at a maximum power of 3.7 kW.
In the United States and Japan, AC charging takes place via cables attached to the charging infrastructure. Therefore, the cable will have a connector that the customer will insert into the car's inlet. The connector is a type 1, the so-called "Yazaki," and charges the car in single-phase, alternating current at a maximum charging capacity of 7.4kW.
For direct current charging, the cables are attached to the charging infrastructure and their connectors are as follows:
Mode 4 - CHAdeMO connector
Mode 4 – CCS (Combined Charging System) COMBO1 and CCS COMBO2 connector
The cable with a CHAdeMO connector is the world's most common standard for fast DC charging and is used, for example, on Nissan, Mitsubishi, Peugeot, and Citroen vehicles. It currently charges on international fast charging infrastructure at a maximum power of 50kW, but it could charge at even higher power levels.
The CCS COMBO2 cable is used by some European car manufacturers, such as BMW and Volkswagen, while the CCS COMBO1 cable is mainly used by Japanese and US car manufacturers. The CCS COMBO 2 cable allows both fast DC charging and slow AC charging and is currently installed on international fast charging infrastructure in direct current at a maximum power of 50kW, but it could charge at even higher power levels. It charges in alternating current with the same power levels as previously described for the Type 2 standard. The car manufacturers choose the power limit to be applied.
Furthermore, there is an ad-hoc standard used only by Tesla with a single Type 2 connector both for alternate current charging and direct current charging. When used with direct current, it charges exclusively with Tesla Superchargers based on a proprietary protocol.