Car incentives 2019: scrappage bonus and all the pro-electric initiatives
A raft of measures including a bonus-malus system (BMS) of incentives and disincentives to discourage drivers from purchasing vehicles with high CO2 emissions and an ecobonus of 6,000 euro for those with emission levels below the 70 g/km threshold
Published on 9 January 2019
Climate change is a clear, urgent signal of the vital need to change people’s everyday behaviour. Without doubt, some of the most pressing requirements involve transport, where the transition from high-pollution engines to e-vehicles can be delayed no longer. However, in order for the culture of sustainability to make a significant impact on driving habits, consumers must be able to buy an ecological vehicle powered by clean energy. That is why incentives to purchase electric and hybrid vehicles are increasingly oriented towards facilitating this transformation in the mobility eco-system.
March 1 will see the launch of the new ecobonus, a measure passed by the Italian government to promote electric and hybrid vehicle sales (not just cars, but also motorbikes and scooters) with a list price of no more than 50,000 euro. The measure is backed by an ecotax that aims to penalise high-pollution models with a BMS based on CO2 emission levels, which are often petrol-fuelled. The threshold of 160 grammes/kilometre above which the malus penalty is imposed does not apply to some diesel cars with large engines but affects more popular petrol-engine models. The BMS was developed and approved in the context of the latest Italian budgetary legislation, and is set to last until late 2021, when it can be reassessed in the light of a possible reclassification of vehicles that are currently just above the permitted threshold. In 2021 the EU is to set CO2 emission limits of 95 grammes/kilometre, with the eventual aim of achieving the standards fixed for 2030, which involve reducing emissions by 37,5% compared to today’s levels.
But what will happen in automobile production plants? The new malus will provide a sharp reminder for brands that have yet to launch more eco-sustainable models. The minimum ecotax that car manufacturers will be forced to pay - with the inevitable effect on consumers’ wallets – will be 1,100 euro for the 161-175 g/km emissions band, rising to 1,600 euro between 176 and 200 g/km, up to 2,000 euro for vehicles emitting between 201 and 250 g/km and 2,500 euro for supercars above the 250 threshold.
The real revolutionary element, however, is the ecobonus. This involves reducing the vehicle purchase price according to CO2 emission levels, with further scrappage incentives offered for vehicles of types Euro 0 to Euro 4. The 0-20 g/km band (mainly reserved for “pure” e-vehicles) will benefit from a 6,000-euro bonus with scrappage and 4,000 euro without. Vehicles in the 21-70 g/km band will receive a 2,500-euro bonus with scrappage and 1,500 euro without. For mopeds and other two-wheeled vehicles the bonus of 30% of the purchase (not list) price, up to a maximum of 3,000 euro and limited to hybrid and electric models with a power of up to 11 kW, is only offered in the event of scrappage (in the same category with environmental class 0-2) and is not accompanied by any malus element.
We at Enel X are more than ready to confront the transition to e-power. We have developed an Investment Plan that is enabling us to install a comprehensive e-vehicle charging infrastructure throughout Italy, with 14,000 charging stations up and running by as early as 2020, reaching a total of 28,000 by the end of 2022. Our e-Mobility team is constantly busy, to make sure that the mobility revolution happens right now. The undisputed stars of this change are smart charging solutions, which are constantly developing to respond to every need. Take, for example, the latest arrivals – the JuiceBox domestic charging station, which is compact, intuitive and available for pre-order at our store, the JuiceStation, incorporating up to eight JuiceBoxes, the JuiceLamp, a combined smart lamp and charging station, the JuicePole with LCD screen, Wi-Fi connection and a unique design. E-vehicles can be charged at all our charging stations and directly via smartphone by using our Enel X Recharge App. This enables users to locate the nearest charging station on the map, reserve a slot and monitor charging status directly on the mobile phone screen.
Our wishes for a happy and successful New Year are accompanied by the hope that we will soon see increasingly eco-friendly vehicles driving on our city streets – so that the present can be 100% electric.
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