The policies defining the regulatory stance on electric mobility in Italy, regarding both the deployment and installation of charging stations and their management, and the charging service offered to the public, are as follows:
Legislative decree n. 257 of 16 December 2016 which adopted the DIRECTIVE 2014/94/EU (DAFI - Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014;
Law n. 134 of 7 August 2012, Art. 17 septies, comma 1 (better known as PNIRE Piano Nazionale Infrastrutturale per la ricarica dei veicoli alimentati ad energia elettrica - National Infrastructure Plan for the Charging of Electric Vehicles).
The DAFI Directive lays out the obligatory requisites for the deployment and development of infrastructures serving alternative fuels, in which electricity leads the field. Enel X fully meets all these requirements fully.
The National Plan (PNIRE) is a collection of guidelines issued by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport that aims to create infrastructure networks for the charging of electric vehicles.
The goal of the regulatory framework is to ensure and promote the development of an interoperational and easily accessible infrastructure.
The Legislative Decree 257/2016 defines “charging or refuelling station accessible to the public as a charging or refuelling station for alternative fuels that guarantees access to all users, without discrimination. Non-discriminatory access may include various conditions of authentication, use and payment.” This does not therefore distinguish between private charging stations open to the public (installed by private entities on private land) and public charging stations (installed by public or private entities on public land): the aim is to define the framework requirements for general application, with the goal of ensuring the widest possible use of the service by the end users.
Furthermore, the PNIRE stipulates that “the activity of charging of EVS must be developed as a competitive service open to all the entities interested in developing or managing a charging infrastructure for activity in a competitive environment.
It is desirable that these activities be based in areas that are not too limited in terms of geographical territory, aligned with traffic flows and minimising problems of interoperation ability between different systems in order to guarantee an easy “charging continuity” for the users.
Consequently, every industrial entity involved in the production of charging systems must follow the guidelines to ensure the creation of open and interoperational systems.
All charging stations open to the public must also allow for contract-free charging methods for EV users, without therefore requiring the user to enter into exclusive contracts with an electricity supplier or operator (infrastructure managers) involved.”