The advantages of driving an electric vehicle in Italy are both financial and practical. Depending on the municipality of residence, there are reserved parking spaces, options for free parking in the metered areas (the blue stripes) and free access to restricted traffic areas: furthermore, several Regions and Provinces are preparing to encourage the spread of green mobility by offering contributions, up to €4,000, to those buying an EV. On the national level, there are further incentives such as exemption from road tax, for the first five years following matriculation, and discounts on the years following. Even insurance policies are offering reduced price tiers for electric cars, with percentages varying from 30-50% depending on the model of EV and type of cover requested.
The maintenance costs of an EV are lower than those of a traditional internal combustion car. Unlike a traditional engine, an electric motor does not have moving parts that are consumed with use nor liquids that require replacing and is therefore cheaper and simpler to maintain. Thanks to the systems of energy recovery in the deceleration phase, even wear on the brake pads is reduced. Furthermore, seeing as the battery life is equal to that of the car, it does not require maintenance.
Driving range, in terms of distance travelled, has been considered a deterrent to owning an EV. However, scientific studies show that daily distances covered in most countries worldwide average between 40 and 60 km (Source data: Goldman Sachs "Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 2015”) and that 95% of journeys do not exceed 200 km (Source: National Household Travel Survey); journey lengths like these are easily covered in the electric vehicles already present on the market.
When it comes to environmental impact and emissions of both CO2 and other pollutants, the electric vehicle offers a better performance today than any other alternative available and is the only technology that offers the total elimination of local emissions of nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) during use.
The choice of the car is important, so remember to pay particular attention to the following aspects:
Type of vehicle: is it BEV or PHEV? A "Battery Electric Vehicle" (BEV) car has an electric motor and runs solely on electricity. The "Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle" (PHEV) car has both an electric and a gasoline engine, which means the vehicle can be charged and also runs on traditional fuels;
Check the capacity of the car battery;
Check its range (in Km);
Check the maximum power of the battery charger cable supplied with the vehicle.
You can buy the car at a dealer or choose a long-term rental formula from a rental company.